The Only 3 Skincare Products You Need to Know About

Discover what are the only 3 skincare products needed for healthy skin: cleansers, moisturizers & sunscreens! Learn how each product works & how often should they be used.

The Only 3 Skincare Products You Need to Know About

Cleansers are the first step in your skin care routine and their function is to cleanse the skin of dirt, makeup, sunscreen, impurities and oil accumulated throughout the day. Sunscreen is something that every dermatologist recommends, especially for those with acne-prone skin. It must have broad-spectrum protection and be SPF 30 or higher. Sunscreen is vital to protect your Acne skin from UV rays, which can cause skin cancer, premature aging, wrinkles, sagging skin and age spots. But what type of sunscreen is best for your face?Dr.

Naz recommends plenty of options that are packed with anti-aging ingredients that will improve fine lines and wrinkles, brighten your skin and protect your face. Two of her favorites are Alastin's Hyrdratint and Revision's Intellishade. Naz says that no matter what happens, the best sunscreen is the one you'll use. Dra. Castilla points out that ultraviolet radiation from the sun accelerates the breakdown of collagen.

Frey agrees that sunscreen is a must-have product, but he doesn't think it has to be expensive. Top 5 hormone-safe sunscreens, recommended by doctors. Either way, you'll be happy to hear that the experts tell us that a truly honest skincare regime just needs a few important elements. And in fact, most of us would probably be better off if we stayed with the simpler side of things. The basic steps of a skincare routine are gentle cleansing, moisturizer, and sunscreen, Emily Newsom, M, D.

Seriously, that's all you have to do. In fact, there are very few situations where people need to use a lot of products, Temitayo Ogunleye, M, D.You'll need a cleanser to remove dirt, makeup, excess oil, dead skin cells and environmental impurities that end up on your face naturally throughout the day. The moisturizer will help keep the skin's protective barrier working properly and the skin will feel smooth and soft. And arguably the most important element, sunscreen helps prevent skin cancer and cosmetic damage caused by the sun. In the morning, wash with a cleanser and then apply a moisturizer and sunscreen (or combine the two with a moisturizer that has a broad-spectrum SPF of 30 or higher).

At night, wash again with the cleanser and apply the moisturizer. You might prefer something thicker at night but there's no rule that prohibits using one with SPF before sleeping. From there, it's important to pay attention to how the skin reacts both immediately after using the product and in the following days. Do you notice tightness, oiliness, redness or rashes? If it's oily you may need to moisturize less often or use a lighter formula. If it's dry you may need to use a thicker moisturizer. If your skin is very dry or sensitive you may only need to wash your face with a cleanser once a day at night and rinse it with water or micellar water in the morning.

But if your skin is especially oily or you wear a lot of heavy makeup you may need to clean it more often or even double clean it at the end of the day. If your skin is sensitive you may notice some irritation (redness itching peeling) which is a sign that you should back off and call a dermatologist. You'll probably need to be careful in the future to avoid products with certain ingredients such as fragrances that can be irritating. However everyone should continue to apply sunscreen every day. Here's how to find one you don't mind using.

You might be surprised how after a few weeks of following these basic steps your other skin problems calm down. But if they don't your next steps will depend on your skin's specific needs. If you have acne you might want to switch from cleanser to salicylic acid a mild chemical scrub or an occasional treatment for blemishes with benzoyl peroxide. For wrinkles fine lines or sun damage you might want to add an over-the-counter retinoid to start with (and maybe a prescription version later).

Are you interested in controlling hyperpigmentation? Brightening agents such as hydroquinone or vitamin C may work but make sure you only add one product at a time Dra. Newsom says and wait at least two weeks before adding anything else. If you add several things at once and react badly to something it will be impossible to know which product was responsible without a patch test Dr. Or if you see positive results you won't know which product was responsible for the change.

It's also important to avoid adding too many products that do the same thing. If you already have a retinoid or exfoliating acid in your line adding another one may not help and may actually be more irritating. In addition to using too many products Dr. Ogunleye says that one of the biggest mistakes newcomers make is giving up too easily.

However as SELF explained earlier both over-the-counter and prescription treatments take weeks or months to produce noticeable changes. Ogunleye says it's important to adjust expectations and be prepared to give away new products for two to three months before getting discouraged and giving them up. If you're trying to find gentle everyday products and can't seem to find one that works with your skin it's time to talk to a dermatologist Dr. On the other hand if you're trying to treat a specific skin problem (such as acne or hyperpigmentation) and you don't see any improvement a dermatologist can help you solve the problem and possibly prescribe a stronger medication.

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